Publications and Abstracts About Crystallization

The Balanced Nucleation and Growth (BNG) Model

These Abstracts show the author’s extended work and publications in crystallization science. The derivation of the equations is available from the publications and the book (see side-bar).

Experimental examples were obtained during the development of silver halide based products for photographic films for Eastman Kodak Company. Since leaving this company, the concepts, which are based on fundamental science, were successfully applied to a great variety of crystallization processes of organic and inorganic materials. Since the information is spread over a wide range of (peer reviewed) journals and the book these abstracts provide a preliminary insight in specific topics.

Batch Crystallizations

  1. Crystal Formation (Nucleation) under Kinetically and Diffusion Controlled Growth Conditions
    Abstract
  2. Formation of Silver Bromide Crystals in Double-Jet Precipitation
    Abstract
  3. Silver Halide Precipitation and Colloid Formation
    Abstract
  4. Formation of Silver Halide Crystals in Double-Jet Precipitations: AgCl
    Abstract
  5. Crystal Formation (Nucleation) in the Presence of Growth Restrainers
    Abstract
  6. Crystal Formation (Nucleation) in the Presence of Ostwald Ripening Agents
    Abstract
  7. Crystal Formation (Nucleation) of Silver Halides – Comparison of Models
    Abstract
  8. Number and Size of AgBr Crystals as a Function of Addition Rate – A Theoretical and Experimental Review
    Abstract
  9. Crystal Growth and Renucleation – Theory and Experiments
    Abstract
  10. Particle Nucleation and Growth Models (BNG-Review)
    Abstract
  11. A Balanced Nucleation and Growth Model for Controlled Crystallization (Note: Nucleation Phase)
    Abstract
  12. The Balanced Nucleation and Growth Model for Controlled Crystal Size Distribution (Note: Size Distribution)
    Abstract

Continuous Crystallizations

  1. A New Crystal Nucleation Theory for Continuous Precipitation of Silver Halides (CSTR)
    Abstract
  2. Transient Behavior of Silver Bromide Precipitation in a Continuous Suspension Crystallizer (CSTR)
    Abstract
  3. Size Dependence on Solubility for Controlled Continuous Crystallizations (CSTR), Abstract
    Abstract
    CSTR Solubility Manuscript
  4. Seeded Precipitations in the Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Crystallizer (CSTR)
    Abstract